The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary for IB ACIO Exam 2017


Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.

1.Incongruous (adjective)-असंगत, अनुपयुक्त 
Meaning: not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something.
Synonyms: out of place, out of keeping, inappropriate, unsuitable, unsuited, not in harmony.
Example: On the face of it, India’s decision to move the ICJ may appear somewhat incongruous in the light of its position against internationalizing its disputes with Pakistan. 

2.Clemency (noun)-दया, कोमलता 
Meaning: mercy; lenience.
Synonyms: mercy, mercifulness, leniency, lenience, mildness, indulgence, forbearance.
Example: Though it is theoretically possible for Pakistan to ignore the ICJ’s order and go ahead with its internal processes for the disposal of appeals and clemency petitions, it is unlikely to do so. Such a course of action would undermine its international credibility. 

3.Preclude (verb)-बंद करना, रोकना 
Meaning: prevent from happening; make impossible.
Synonyms:  prevent, make it impossible for, make it impracticable for, rule out, put a stop to, stop, prohibit, debar, interdict, block, bar, hinder, impede.
Example: The ICJ has rejected Pakistan’s objections regarding the urgency of the matter. It rejected Pakistan’s own jurisdiction to take up the case and its claim that a 2008 bilateral agreement between the two countries precluded the matter from being raised before the ICJ.

4.Aesthetics (noun)-सौंदर्यशास्र
Meaning: a set of principles concerned with the nature and appreciation of beauty.
Example: "Writing well is not a mere matter of aesthetics; it is a “moral issue.” In fact, if I were the current occupant of the White House, I would take on this issue by appointing Sir Harold to be our nation’s Good Writing Tsar. Or Czar.

5.Adjudicate (verb)-निर्णय करना, निपटारा करना 
Meaning: make a formal judgement on a disputed matter., act as a judge in a competition.
Synonyms: judge, adjudge, try, hear, examine, arbitrate, decide on, decide, settle, resolve, determine, pronounce on, give a ruling on, sit in judgement on, pass judgement on, give a verdict on, make a ruling on.
Example: One would expect the judges of the Supreme Court to adjudicate the constitutional validity of triple talaq (and, if they choose, of the other practices under question as well) detached from the political debate, and strictly in accordance with law.

6.Infirmity (noun)-दुर्बलता,अवसन्नता 
Meaning: physical or mental weakness.
Synonyms: frailty, weakness, feebleness, enfeeblement, delicacy, fragility, debility, debilitation, decrepitude, disability, impairment.
Example: BRICS suffers from other infirmities as well. Brazil and South Africa are increasingly becoming peripheral to BRICS’ aims and objectives. Russia is currently more preoccupied with establishing its supremacy in Eurasia, and its interest in BRICS is not of the same order as in the past. This leaves only India, and limits the scope of BRICS to issues and regions such as Afghanistan that have featured in previous BRICS meetings.

7.Vexatious (adjective)-खिजाऊ 
Meaning: causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
Synonyms: annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing, infuriating, maddening, exasperating, provoking, galling, rankling, grating, jarring, harassing, harrying, bothersome, tiresome, troublesome, niggling. 
Example: Evidently, the China-centric world view will continue to prevail. For the moment, China is anxious to maintain peace on its border with India, as China has lately been sensing opposition to its policies from many other countries, apart from a host of problems in its neighbourhood. In totality, these could undermine the Chinese Dream of Mr. Xi. North Korea is perhaps the most vexatious of the problems, one that is happening on China’s doorstep. Smaller countries of Southeast Asia such as Indonesia, and even Singapore and Vietnam, are signalling opposition to China’s restrictions on rites of maritime passage and freedom of navigation in the seas around China.

8.Periphery (noun)-परिधि, घेरा 
Meaning: the outer limits or edge of an area or object.
Synonyms: edge, outer edge, margin, fringe, boundary, border, perimeter, circumference, rim, verge, borderline.
Example: China also faces an ever widening arc of threats from terrorists of different categories such as the ETIM, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and Uighur separatists to its West. With the critical 19th Party Congress set to take place soon, peace and tranquillity on its periphery has thus become an imperative necessity.

9.Partisan (noun)-पक्षपातपूर्ण, तरफदार 
Meaning: a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person.
Synonyms: supporter, follower, adherent, devotee, champion, backer, upholder, promoter, fanatic, fan, enthusiast, stalwart, zealot, disciple, votary.
Example: The disqualification of 18 dissident AIADMK legislators by the Tamil Nadu Assembly Speaker is a partisan decision aimed at securing a majority for the seven-month-old Edappadi K. Palaniswami government after a rebellion reduced it to a minority. The Speaker’s ruling comes at a time when there is an increasingly indefensible reluctance on the part of the Governor, Ch. Vidyasagar Rao, to order a floor test. 

10.Endorsement (noun)-समर्थन
Meaning: the action of endorsing someone or something.
Synonyms: support, backing, approval, seal of approval, agreement, acceptance, recommendation, advocacy, championship, patronage.
Example: Over the last year, barely a week has gone by without a regulator announcing new measures to help resolve India’s problem of large and mounting non-performing loans/assets, or NPAs. These announcements are usually accompanied by endorsements from the government, as determined reminders that the resolution of the NPA problem is on the top of the government’s mind. Then why does India’s war on NPAs seem intractable? And why have Indian regulators not yet resolved a case that can be showcased as an example of what the recent regulatory measures can achieve?







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